A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers ( P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.
The fresh prevalence from young people obesity is growing once the a major health condition ( Resource Reilly 1 ) . A number of training, an awful otherwise U-formed relationship between sleep duration and you may pounds reputation has been seen for the babies ( Reference Taveras, Rifas-Shiman and you can Oken 2 ) , pupils ( Source Cappuccio, Taggart and Kandala step 3 , Reference Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and Bielfeldt 4 ) , teenagers ( Site Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you can Bielfeldt 4 , Reference Garaulet, Ortega and you will Ruiz 5 ) https://datingranking.net/es/fitness-singles-review/ and you can grownups ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala 3 , Source Chaput, Despres and you may Bouchard 6 ) . Also, meta-analyses examining data of degree in kids provides concluded that reduced sleep period was associated with the large odds of being overweight ( Reference Cappuccio, Taggart and you will Kandala step three ) . This may have traditionally-title ramifications ( Source Landhuis, Poulton and you will Welch 7 ) since tracking away from over weight away from childhood to help you adulthood happens ( Source Wright, Emmett and you can Ness 8 ) , and thus raising the chance of development certain non-communicable infection, because over weight is actually for the particular non-communicable problems ( Site Lloyd, Langley-Evans and you may McMullen 9 ) . The possibility dictate of smaller sleep period to the fat balance is not fully understood. You to definitely it is possible to fundamental elements would be the fact shorter bed years tends to make a keen affect the latest hormonal control of cravings. Actually, lack of sleep has been stated to decrease leptin levels, boost ghrelin membership, change sugar homeostasis, and trigger new orexin program ( Site Spiegel, Tasali and Leproult 10 ) . Additionally, shorter sleep period might also bring overeating and gaining weight by the increasing the date designed for restaurants, especially in the night time in which sedentary points, such as for example watching tv, and snacking into the extremely palatable and energy-heavy meals all are ( Resource Chaput, Klingenberg and you may Astrup 11 ) .
Matchmaking ranging from bed course and you may weight loss intake inside 4- in order to 14-year-old Danish youngsters
Whenever shortened sleep years contributes to sleepiness and you will/or fatigue while in the daytime this may reduce inspiration to be privately energetic and bring inactive behaviors instead. It has got thus recently been speculated that there surely is a link anywhere between sleep duration, Bmi and physical activity; yet not, comes from knowledge about that was contradictory ( Reference Garaulet, Ortega and you will Ruiz 5 , Resource Ortega, Ruiz and Labayen a dozen ) . Not totally all research has checked out this new relationship ranging from bed course and you will weight-loss high quality ( Site Maddah, Rashidi and you will Mohammadpour 13 – Site Westerlund, Beam and you may Roos 15 ) . This matter is very related off a public health standpoint once the enhanced times consumption appears to be the quintessential probable explanation given that in order to as to the reasons youngsters which have smaller bed period possess a top risk of becoming obese.